I-WAY. 3 Component of I-way

I-WAY which is also known as information superhighway refers to digital communication and internet telecommunication network that allows us to connect, share information, and communicate as a global community. The superhighway includes the internet along with the physical infrastructure that mostly includes access and transport circuit, switching and routing system, public and private network, and various online services which focuses on providing high-speed and broadband services.

Why was the information highway developed?

The main purpose of information highway was to democratize the information or data to all the civilian regardless of there economic status.

Note:- The term Information superhighway a was coined by Vice President Albert Gore while giving his speech on January 11, 1994.

Component of I-WAY

Network access component (equipment)

It is also known as customer premises equipment. To access any network, specific equipment is required at customer, and this enables the consumers to access the network. Hardware:- router, set-top box, access and switch devices, software platform are browser and OS.

Local access component

The local access component is the link between business, home, school, and organization to the main communication point also referred to as the last mile. It requires a tremendous investment that cannot be easily replaced or overlooked in any networking strategy. It provides the following types of connection:-

  • Telephone based
  • Cable based
  • Wireless based
  • Computer based

Global access component

Nowadays e-commerce activities are not limited to any country. so, we need infrastructure to connect people and businesses across the world. With this component, communication can be held between two parties who are on different sides of the globe. This type of network includes:-

  • Long distance network (via optical-fiber cable)
  • Satellite.

Hardware components used In I-way

  • Computers
  • Modems
  • Routers
  • Switches for Computer Networks
  • set-top boxes for television networks

Importance of I-way.

  • Provides information to common man.
  • Makes easy to connect with people from different places (via Internet).
  • Helps in health sector to make it more advance .


In conclusion, I-Way is digital communication and internet telecommunication network that allows us to connect, share information, and communicate as a global community that has network access, local access, global access components. Hardware’s like computers, modem router are used to build it and it’ main purpose is to provide all people with information without discrimination based on there income status.

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